VF-31 Squadron History
At sixty-one years of age VF-31 is the second oldest continuously
active US Navy aircraft squadron. Originally established as VF-1B on
1st July 1935 the squadron received it's current designation in August
1948. While there had previously been other VF-31's there was no direct
link between them and today's VF-31.
Before converting to the F-14 the 'Tomcatters' had a notable history,
being the only US squadron (of all three air arms) to score confirmed
kills in three wars, World War II, Korea and Vietnam.
VF-31's association with their namesake, the F-14 Tomcat, began in
late 1980, but they did not receive their first F-14 until the 22nd of
January 1981. In a short time, however, they had received their full
complement and officially stood up with the F-14 on the 4th of June
1981. As with all squadrons at this time VF-31 received the F-14A.
The squadron's first cruise was onboard the USS John F. Kennedy
(CV-67) as part of CVW-3, beginning in January 1982. By September of
1983 VF-31 was to embark on it's fourth cruise onboard Kennedy. This
cruise took the carrier and it's air wing back into the southern
Mediterranean, more specifically off the North African coast. It was on
this cruise that VF-31 crews regularly flew over Lebanese and Syrian
positions, often being fired at by Syrian AAA, which had little chance
of hitting the fast and high F-14's. However on a flight in early
December (perhaps the 3rd?) a more serious threat emerged, SA-7 heat
seeking SAMs were fired at the F-14's. Although both the Tomcats
(standard procedure for recon missions was one bird with the TARPS
pod and another to fly on it's wing, providing cover against possible
air threats)flying were able to return safely this action led to US Navy
retaliatory air strikes. On the 4th of December attack aircraft from both
Kennedy and USS Independence (CV-62) attacked the SAM sites,
but this time there were losses, one A-7 and one A-6.
Image Courtesy of Torsten Anft
VF-31 shifted carriers and air wings in April of 1985, moving to
become part of CVW-6 onboard the USS Forrestal (CV-59), along with
it's sister squadron VF-11. Cruises onboard Forrestal continued until
early 1992, when Forrestal became the US Navy's replacement for USS
Lexington (AVT-16) as a permanent training carrier.
This prompted a series of big changes for VF-31, the squadron
changing coasts, carriers and planes all in one go! Moving from NAS
Oceana to NAS Miramar VF-31 became part of CVW-14 onboard the USS
Carl Vinson (CVN-70). However the biggest change was in terms of
planes, VF-31 (and VF-11) trading their A model F-14's for the new
and improved D. The D Tomcat has a huge increase in capability over
the A, featuring new engines, radar and ejection seats.
Image Copyright Jamie R. Wilcox
VF-31, like all F-14 squadrons, has received LANTIRN capable Tomcat's, although the
small number of pods purchased so far means that at present they have to be shared amongst the
|VF-31 low vis markings for USS Carl Vinson, early 1990s (the fact the colour
is depicted on a F-14A not D is due to artistic license).
As with sister squadron VF-11, VF-31 moved to NAS Oceana in
January/February of 1997. Since then the squadron has been busy, among other activities
they sent a single F-14D and crew to the 1997 Paris Air Salon, primarily to promote the LANTIRN
capabilites F-14 squadrons are now receiving. A few months later several aircraft deployed to
their old home of NAS (now MCAS) Miramar, along with other squadrons from CVW-14, for airwing
workups. The det featured a lot of live weapon firing, including the dropping of four 2000lb bombs
from an F-14 in a single go, not a common event (from all reports 8000lbs of explosive makes a real
big bang). An even bigger challenge followed when the Tomcatters took part in Roving Sands '97,
during April 1997. Roving Sands is the world's largest joint air operations exercise.
VF-31 and much of CVW-14 flew alongside aircraft from CVW-7, CVW-17, CVWR-20, US Army helos
(including Mi24 Hinds), German Tornado's and various USAF types. This composite force formed
'Red Force', the aggressors during Roving Sands.
As the year progressed VF-31 deployed to NAS Fallon, for carrier air wing work-ups with
the rest of CVW-14. These 5 weeks in Novemeber saw some of the most intense flying the squadrons go
through and oftne marks the peak of their effiency as an airwing (which is why consideration is
being given to moving the Fallon dets closer to the final cruise date). Early 1998 saw CQ's, the
final hurdle which all must pass before the cruise begins. After successfully CQing every crew
VF-31 returned to NAS Oceana and the pace slowed slightly, with personnel departing on final leave
before the cruise. Even so the squadron still kept up a pace of 6-10 hops a day. Around this time
new directives came from FITWING, instructing the removal of much of the CAG bird colour. VF-31's
bird lost it's gloss black tails, much to the disappointment of many, but kept the Felix and
Delayed later than originally planned the cruise finally began on in June 1998. VF-31 personnel
travelled across country to the USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72). Once underway the 10 F-14D's of
VF-31 flew onboard. Since then VF-31 has participated in an intense WESTPAC schedule, flying night
and day. Port visits have been made to Hong Kong and Jebel Ali. Recent weeks have seen the carrier
wing fly missions in support of Operation Southern Watch in the Persian Gulf. A pleasing
development is that the CAG bird has been repainted, regaining it's black tail colour scheme.
After a planned visit to Australia and further operations VF-31 arrived home early in 1999.
VF-31's markings are among the most famous of F-14 squadrons,
featuring Felix the Cat, who was created by Emile Chourre. The
markings tend to feature a running Felix clutching a bomb on which the
fuse is burning down. Felix has been featured on a number of
backgrounds, while with F-14A's the background tended to be bright
red (an example of which can be seen below), but with the shift to F-14D's and low vis camouflage
now tends to be seen on a grey background.
VF-31's CAG aircraft has had a chequered history in the last few years,
undergoing several changes of markings. November of 1994 aircraft '200'
had little in the way of special markings, simply featuring Felix in a
yellow circle and a rainbow at the base of the tail. The CO of the unit at
this time, CDR Randy "Pogo" Clarke was persuaded to liven it up somewhat.
So the rainbow flash was enlarged and now ran from the front base of the tail
to the rear edge. Felix was increased in size and put on a larger yellow
background. Tragically, not long after being painted in these markings
this aircraft and another from VF-31 collided in midair. Although all
four crewmembers were safely rescued the aircraft now reside in the Pacific.
Undetered VF-31 repainted their new '200' aircraft in the same markings about
one month later. Before leaving for their 1996 Western Pacific cruise
VF-31 decided to improve the markings even more, adding an all black tail and
a bright yellow 'NK' tailcode on the inner surfaces. Excellant pictures of
all these schemes can be seen in the F-14D photogallery.
[Atlantic Fleet Squadron Histories]
[Pacific Fleet Squadron Histories]
[F-14 Model Kits]
[US Navy Air Wings]