F-14 Tomcat:   
Bureau Numbers   
Walk-Around Details   

Other Topics:   
Grumman A/C   
EXTRA 400   
A/C Photos   
The Author   

Structural stability analysis of the window section of the EXTRA 400 aircraft

Thesis 1: EXTRA 400 | Thesis 2: Fatigue tests | Diploma Thesis: Fuselage structure analysis

Carried out at

Institut für Leichtbau der RWTH Aachen
Department of Aerospace Structures, Aachen University of Technology


  • Calculation of strength of fibre reinforced material
  • Computer-aided design with pre-processing software MSC MARC MENTAT of a fuselage structure made of composite material
  • Global-local finite-element analysis of a fuselage structure with MARC processor
  • Programming of pre- & post-processing FORTRAN routines
  • Post-processing with post-processing software MENTAT
  • Analysis of results & interpretation

My thesis about the EXTRA 400 (Figure 1.1) was part of a project to analyse and verify the structural strength of the EXTRA 400 fuselage.

Figure 1.1: EXTRA 400

At the Department of Aerospace Structures, Aachen University of Technology, calculations were made and summarized in a report. This report, forwarded to the German Aviation Authority "Luftfahrtbundesamt (LBA)", contained the calculations of the fuselage structure of the business aircraft EXTRA 400. Strength and local stability are proved for the fuselage structure that is mainly made of carbon composite material. It was shown that it is able to withstand the airworthiness standards given in FAR part 23.

Figure 1.2: Finite-Element model of the analysed window section

Subject of my thesis was a local stability analysis of the portside passenger window. The calculations were done with the finite-element (FE) software MARC/MENTAT at the Department of Aerospace Structures, using a FE model as shown in Figure 1.2. Boundary conditions of the local mesh were deformations as supplied by the global calculations of the whole structure. This gave reliable results in layer stresses and in the following a good representation of the required Tsai-Hill failure criterion.

In contest with the LBA, EXTRA defined several real load cases which built up an envelope for the overall load assumptions to reduce computational effort. These load cases include maximum acceleration and maximum moment induced into the fuselage structure due to possible and allowed flight conditions and in addition the landing load cases according to FAR part 23.

The final report to the LBA included also the results of my thesis and was presented to the LBA.

All graphics Copyright © Torsten Anft

Top of the page

Torsten Anft:
About Torsten Anft | Thesis 1: EXTRA 400 | Thesis 2: Fatigue tests
Diploma Thesis: Fuselage structure analysis

F-14 Tomcat:
History | Specifications | Bureau Numbers | Walk-Around | Squadrons | Photos | Books | Memorabilia

Other Topics:
Grumman Aircraft | EXTRA 400 | Aircraft Photos | Links | Credits | Guestbook | The Author

Start Page    Foreword    FAQ    Updates

Copyright © 1997-2001 by Torsten Anft